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What Is Male Breast Reduction


Gynecomastia is the enlargement of male breast tissue that is typically caused by a hormonal imbalance, medication, genetics, or other factors. This condition is surprisingly common but often goes away on its own. When it does not, it is highly treatable with cosmetic surgery. Male breasts can develop at any age but gynecomastia is most prevalent around puberty and middle age because of hormonal fluctuations.


In some men, one breast may be larger than the other. The development of excess glandular tissue is sometimes painful but usually has no symptoms. 


Most men seek gynecomastia surgery to deal with the embarrassment and social limitations caused by persistent male breasts. Men often wear loose shirts or slump their shoulders to hide excess breast tissue. They may feel self-conscious and avoid removing their shirt in the pool, at the gym, or on the beach. Some of the benefits of having breast reduction surgery include:

  • Flatter chest and removal of breast tissue

  • Enhanced chest contours

  • Removal of excess fat in the chest area

  • Increased self-esteem

  • Increased confidence when bare-chested

Gynecomastia Surgery Candidates:

Gynecomastia surgery candidates are, healthy adult men of any age. The condition may present itself in teenagers and is typically observed for at least one year before surgery is considered because it may resolve on its own. Patients must be close to their ideal weight and have elastic skin that can be reshaped and contoured. In order to determine individual candidacy, prospective patients should schedule a consultation with Dr. Papanicoalou.

When will I see results and how long will they last?

Male breast reduction surgery results are immediate and permanent. After the surgery, there will be some swelling and lines from the incisions, as can be expected. However, these will heal and fade over time. Every year, thousands of men in the United States have gynecomastia surgery done and are thrilled with their long-lasting results.

Gaining a significant amount of weight, taking medications that cause hormonal imbalance like steroids or abusing certain drugs or alcohol may cause you to develop gynecomastia again. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle that includes a balanced and nutritious diet and regular exercise will help you avoid gaining a significant amount of weight, which could cause excess fat to develop in your chest area. You can discuss the chance of re-developing excess breast tissue during your consultation with Dr. Papanicolaou.

When can I return to work?

Each gynecomastia surgery is unique, and your recovery will be based on the extent of your operation. Most gynecomastia patients return to work after two weeks. You can discuss your schedule and taking time off work with Dr. Papanicolaou during your consultation.

What should I expect during male breast reduction recovery?

Following your breast reduction procedure, you will have some swelling and bruising and feel some discomfort for a few days which can be controlled with medication. Depending on the extent of tissue or fat removal, you may need to wear an elastic pressure garment 24 hours a day for the first week or two and at night for an additional two to four weeks. It may take up to three months or longer for the final results of your surgery to be apparent.

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